Carthage was founded by the Phoenicians in 814 BC and became the center of the Carthaginian civilization. During the Third Punic War Carthage was destroyed by Rome and was later rebuilt.
From Schoder's lecture notes:
CARTHAGE: Qart-Hadasht 'New Town', c. 814 fr. Tyre. Gt. military, commercial empire. Attacks on Gk. Sicily VI-IV c. Punic Wars vs. Rome in Sicily, Italy, till Scipio wins 201. Carthage remains impt. commerce center till wholly destroyed 146. Rebuilt by Caesar, Aug.; Capital Prov.
Captured by Genseric 439; Bellisarius 534; Arabs end 7c.
Punic harbors & early city site, fr. Byrsa citadel: Cothon harbor: 220 warships in 700 ft. circle around Admiral's hq.; merchant ships in 1900 x 700' port. Bou-Kornein byd., where Punic temple to Baal; Tunis.
Tophet steles of infants sacrf. Moloch
X Baths of Antonius: 160 AD, big as Caracalla's
X Amphitheater: SS Perpetua, Felicitas 203; Cyprian 258
Hadrian portrait fr. Carthage (Bardo)