Cuicul was built during the 1st century AD as a Roman military garrison.
From Schoder's lecture notes:
Founded by Nerya at end 1 c. AD, on triangular plateau in valley btw. Sitifis & Cirta, 35 miles fr. sea. For veterans, and garrison to control roads. Early part at N; prospered 2 c. under Antonines, main bldgs. then; expanded S-ward. 3 c part of Numidia.
Gen. view fr. West -- early town at left
South half fr. West: mostly 4-5 c Xn at right
Cardo Maximus twd. South
Conical fountain (cascades into basin: pipe channel), w. Arch Caracalla byd., New Forum (2-3 c) rt.
Market: for cloth-merchants, by LuciusCosinius Primus; note Ponderarium public measures at back.
X Temple to Gens Septimia: dedicated 229 by Alex. Sev. to N. African famiy fr. Leptis wh. gave Emp. Septimius Severus in 193; symbol of colonial pride. Cor. tetra-prostyle. Peribolos cols. around.
Arch Caracalla top: 216, on road to Mauretania; to Caracalla, father Sept. Sev., mother Julia Domna.
Theater fr. above: on hill outside wall ; for 3,000, larger than Timgad's; 215 ft across, found niches.
Mosaic: "Asinus Nika" det., 5 c. (shuffle-board?)
Mosaic: boat concert det., 4 c.